Question: How Does Right To Equality Protect Citizens?

What are two laws that protect citizens against xenophobia?

‘ Other legislation of relevance in dealing with xenophobia are the Promotion of Equality and Prevention of Unfair Discrimination Act 4 of 2000, Refugees Act 130 of 1998, the Protection from Harassment Act 17 of 2011 and the Immigration Act 13 of 2002.

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How does the Immigration Act 13 of 2002 protect foreigners?

The Immigration Act 13 of 2002 intends: to provide for the regulation of admission of persons to, their residence in, and their departure from the Republic; and. for matters connected therewith.

Is equality a basic human right?

The general principle of equality and non-discrimination is a fundamental element of international human rights law. ‘ Thus, the right to equal treatment requires that all persons be treated equally before the law, without discrimination. …

What are equality rights examples?

(1) Every individual is equal before and under the law and has the right to the equal protection and equal benefit of the law without discrimination and, in particular, without discrimination based on race, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, sex, age or mental or physical disability.

Is equality a right?

Article 7 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) states: “All are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to equal protection of the law”.

Why is the right to equality important?

Equality is about ensuring that every individual has an equal opportunity to make the most of their lives and talents. It is also the belief that no one should have poorer life chances because of the way they were born, where they come from, what they believe, or whether they have a disability.

What rights does xenophobia violate?

Such incidents violate human rights and leave entire families homeless and destitute and do not afford due process such as arrest, trial and defense for those accused by communities. In addition to the destruction of property, reports also state that violence was directed against foreign nationals.

Who is responsible to protect human rights?

ANSWER: Under human rights treaties, governments have the primary responsibility for protecting and promoting human rights. However, governments are not solely responsible for ensuring human rights.

How does Section 9 of the Constitution protect citizens?

While section 9 of the Constitution guarantees the right of every person not to be unfairly discriminated against, directly or indirectly, on the basis of race, gender, sex, pregnancy, marital status, ethnic or social origins, colour, sexual orientation, age, disability, religion, conscience, belief, culture, language …

What act protects against discrimination?

The Equality Act is a law which protects you from discrimination. It means that discrimination or unfair treatment on the basis of certain personal characteristics, such as age, is now against the law in almost all cases.

How does the Human Rights Act protect individuals?

The Human Rights Act is a UK law passed in 1998. It lets you defend your rights in UK courts and compels public organisations – including the Government, police and local councils – to treat everyone equally, with fairness, dignity and respect.

How does equality protect citizens against human rights violations?

The Promotion of Equality and Prevention of Unfair Discrimination Act, 2000 (PEPUDA or the Equality Act, Act No. 4 of 2000) is a comprehensive South African anti-discrimination law. It prohibits unfair discrimination by the government and by private organisations and individuals and forbids hate speech and harassment.

How does the right to equality protect the citizens of India?

Article 14 of the constitution states that: “The State shall not deny to any person equality before the law or the equal protection of the laws within the territory of India.” This means that every person, who lives within territory of India, has the equal right before the law. That equals will be treated equally.

What are 10 basic human rights?

The Covenant deals with such rights as freedom of movement; equality before the law; the right to a fair trial and presumption of innocence; freedom of thought, conscience and religion; freedom of opinion and expression; peaceful assembly; freedom of association; participation in public affairs and elections; and …

What are the 16 basic human rights?

What human rights are covered by the Act?Article 2: Right to life.Article 3: Freedom from torture and inhuman or degrading treatment.Article 4: Freedom from slavery and forced labour.Article 5: Right to liberty and security.Article 6: Right to a fair trial.Article 7: No punishment without law.More items…•Nov 15, 2018

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